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Great Words of the Gospel part 4 - Imputation

This week I am going to continue in our series about the Great Words of the Gospel. This week I am going to look at a word that is not used very often, but it is a very powerful word that is central to our faith in Christ. The word is Imputation.

Imputation or the Doctrine of Imputation not only helps understand our need for salvation, it also helps us to understand what Christ has done and what we have because of Christís death for us.

In todayís message I want to tell three stories of people I have spoken to over the years. One I was sharing my faith with, one shared a testimony at church and I talked to them afterwards and one was a Christian that needed to understand what we have in Christ. Then I will look at the topic of Imputation and share three things that the Bible tells us about Imputation.

Let us pray.

Bible Reading

Romans 5:11-21
11 So now we can rejoice in our wonderful new relationship with God because our Lord Jesus Christ has made us friends of God.
12 When Adam sinned, sin entered the world. Adamís sin brought death, so death spread to everyone, for everyone sinned.
13 Yes, people sinned even before the law was given. But it was not counted as sin because there was not yet any law to break.
14 Still, everyone diedĖfrom the time of Adam to the time of MosesĖeven those who did not disobey an explicit commandment of God, as Adam did. Now Adam is a symbol, a representation of Christ, who was yet to come.
15 But there is a great difference between Adamís sin and Godís gracious gift. For the sin of this one man, Adam, brought death to many. But even greater is Godís wonderful grace and His gift of forgiveness to many through this other Man, Jesus Christ.
16 And the result of Godís gracious gift is very different from the result of that one manís sin. For Adamís sin led to condemnation, but Godís free gift leads to our being made right with God, even though we are guilty of many sins.
17 For the sin of this one man, Adam, caused death to rule over many. But even greater is Godís wonderful grace and His gift of righteousness, for all who receive it will live in triumph over sin and death through this one Man, Jesus Christ.
18 Yes, Adamís one sin brings condemnation for everyone, but Christís one act of righteousness brings a right relationship with God and new life for everyone.
19 Because one person disobeyed God, many became sinners. But because one other person obeyed God, many will be made righteous.
20 Godís law was given so that all people could see how sinful they were. But as people sinned more and more, Godís wonderful grace became more abundant.
21 So just as sin ruled over all people and brought them to death, now Godís wonderful grace rules instead, giving us right standing with God and resulting in eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Three stories

Story 1 Ė The first story is of a man we met when we were out going door to door in Perth. We were in one of the more well to do suburbs and in the main street of the area. It was what they call a dress circle. All the houses were very large, had all the features and backed on to a lake. They were the sort of houses that people talk about they would buy if they won lotto. When we approached the house the owner was out the front mowing his lawn. His lawn mower looked like it cost more than my car ( a Mitsubishi Scorpion) and the clothes he was wearing to mow the lawn were better than my Sunday best. He had two cars in the garage Ė a BMW and a Mercedes. He had a speed boat and a Harley. He looked very well off. Anyway, we said hello and said we were from the local church going door to door. We talked about faith, life, the Bible, church and Jesus. He talked openly about life and his experience with church as a child, but then he said that he came to the point as adult where he decided he didnít need God. He explained that he was a good person who gave money to charity, he treated people well and he looked after his family Ė so he wasnít a ďsinnerĒ like others he knew. He knew about sin and understood Jesus died on the cross for him, but it did not rate in his life. In the end, he turned, pointed to his house and garage and said, ďDo I look like I need GodĒ. He thanked us for coming, but basically said ďNo thanksĒ. We went on our way with thoughts of three Bible characters in our minds Ė the rich young ruler who Jesus asked to give everything away and follow Him, the Pharisee in the Temple who thanked God he was not like the Tax Collector and reminded God of all he did, and finally business man who wanted to build bigger barns so he could sit back and relax, but that day his life was demanded of him.

Story 2 Ė The second story was of a man I met at Church many years ago. He was a nice man in his late 50s who was a fairly new Christian. He shared his testimony of how he had not always been a nice man. He talked of his time in Asia of where he headed up a crime syndicate called the Triads. He was involved in drugs, illegal gambling and having people killed. He talked about how it was nothing for him to have someone killed or even do it himself. He talked about the crimes he was involved with over many years. One day he met someone who shared Christ with him. At first, he wanted to have him killed, but before long he wanted to give his life to Christ. He learned that Jesus could forgive his sin and help him turn his life around, but first he had to confess him sins to God. He decided to include them all. He wrote 13 pages of sins on paper. Thirteen pages of the most horrible things a person could do. He understood Jesus could take them all and He would forgive him, so he wanted to include them all. Jesus did and he turned his life around. So much so that he went to the local Police Commissioner to face justice. The Police Commissioner thought long and hard before deciding to let him go. He saw that his conversion was real and he was relieved to have him off the streets.

Story 3 Ė The final story is of a lady I met who was a lovely lady in her 40s. She had given her life to Christ about 10 years before and done her best to follow Jesus wholeheartedly. It was not until we talked at a deeper level about her faith and life that she opened up to me. She had received Godís salvation and forgiveness, but she could not forgive herself or see herself right with God. You see as a young lady she was heavily involved in drugs and she had worked as a prostitute. During this time, she got pregnant several times and she had abortions. She had no time for kids as she had to keep working. While she had received forgiveness from God, this ate away at her soul. She could see herself as right with God or see herself as righteous in Godís eyes. She loved the Lord and followed Him wholeheartedly, but could not get passed her past.

Three stories of three very different people. Three people who needed both God and the forgiveness He offered. Two had it, but one needed to believe more of what God had given her. This is where Imputation comes into to my message today.

What is Imputation?

Imputation is another legal word. In the legal world, it is the charging or reckoning something to someoneís account.

Imputation takes words or actions and ties them to a person or a cause. It also has implications of transferring something to someone else.

We see Imputation is a very important word for us as Christians because it helps us to understand the Gospel more fully.

Imputation has three main implications for us.

1. Adamís sin is Imputed to us all.

In our reading from today we saw that God imputes Adamís sin to all other members of the human race. Romans 5:12 tell us that, ďWhen Adam sinned, sin entered the world. Adamís sin brought death, so death spread to everyone, for everyone sinnedĒ.

The Bible tells us in Genesis chapter 3 that Adam sinned and was cast out of the garden paradise that God has placed them in. As a result, all mankind became separated from God because we are all descendants of Adam.

We know in our natural state without Christ we have a tendency towards sin because Adamís sin brought it into the world. It seems appealing and enticing and we are drawn towards it. It doesnít matter if it is in word, deed or thought. It is still sin if it is wrong in Godís eyes.

So, Adamís sin had both an immediate consequence Ė being cast out of the garden Ė and a mediate long term consequence, it spread to all his descendants Ė us. It was imputed to the entire human race.

The man that I spoke of in the first story did not think he was a sinner personally, but he needed to understand that sin had been transferred to us all from Adam. He could not see his sin because he put himself on a pedestal in the place of God. When we place ourselves on a pedestal, it is easier to look down at the sin of others and not see our own sin. It is easier to see the speck in others and miss the log in our own. We can see the sin of the world and be blinded to our own. It is my hope and prayer that this man has since seen his own sin and realised that Adamís sin is passed on to him also. It is my hope that he placed Jesus on the pedestal of his life.

2. Our sin is Imputed to Christ

The second thing the Bible reaches us about Imputation is that our sins are Imputed to Jesus Christ. Central to the message of salvation is the good news that the entire sin of the human race has been transferred to Jesus and born by Him on the cross of Calvary.

2 Corinthians 5:21 tells us that, ďGod made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of GodĒ.

Jesus lived the perfect sinless life. He was the only one in all history who did live a sinless life and the only one who could live a sinless life. That is why His life was the perfect offering for sin. He could be made sin, because He had no sin of His own. He was not part of Adamís sin because His birth was supernatural from heaven. We will celebrate this as part of the Christmas story in a few weeks.

Matthew 20:28 echoes this though when it said, ďJust as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.Ē Hebrews 9:15 also says, ďFor this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritanceĖnow that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.Ē

Jesus came to pay the price and ransom us from the penalty of sin.

The man from the second story understood the good news of the gospel when he wrote down 13 pages of sin that he had committed. He took weeks to compile the list, because he knew all of them were placed on Jesus. He knew Jesus died for him and he wanted to confess as much as he possibly could. He knew God could cleans him and forgive him of everything, because Christ took all his sin. He understood the imputation of his sin to Christ.

3. Christís righteousness is imputed to us.

In the third point, we are going to look at some great news. Not only have our sins been taken by Christís death on the cross, we have been given Christís righteousness as a replacement. It is a beautiful exchange as the song says.

The last part of our reading says, ď17 For the sin of this one man, Adam, caused death to rule over many. But even greater is Godís wonderful grace and His gift of righteousness, for all who receive it will live in triumph over sin and death through this one Man, Jesus Christ. 18 Yes, Adamís one sin brings condemnation for everyone, but Christís one act of righteousness brings a right relationship with God and new life for everyone. 19 Because one person disobeyed God, many became sinners. But because one other person obeyed God, many will be made righteous.Ē

Christís righteousness is imputed to us. It is credited to our account. We are no longer separated from God with a death sentence upon us. We are right with God and Christís righteousness is ours. As I said a few weeks ago, the blood of Jesus covers us completely.

1 Corinthians 1:30 Ė It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from GodĖthat is, our righteousness, our holiness and our redemption.

The lady in the third story could not accept this. She believed Jesus died for her, that her sins were forgiven by God, but she could not forgive herself. She held on to her guilt and shame, which did not belong to her any more. The righteousness that Christ offered like in the image on the screen was hers, but she could not bear to put her arms out to receive it. As a result, she lived way below where God wanted her to be.

For us today as Christians we need to understand that not only are our sins forgiven, but Christís righteousness is credited to us. I stand here today as a man who knew the depths of depression and the weight of sin. I knew what it was to not forgive myself, but Christ changed that and I can now say though my sins were as red as crimson, they are now as white as snow. God sees them no more, He just sees the righteousness of Christ. It is the same for you too. It is my hope and prayer that you will feel this way too. That you can understand Christís righteousness is yours. You are the righteousness of Christ.

Closing Summary

Today we looked at one of the key words of the Gospel message Ė Imputation. We saw that Adamís sin was imputed to the entire human race. But the good news is God did not leave it that way, our sins were imputed to Christ on the cross where He paid the price. Now we are fully forgiven and free from the penalty of sin and Christís righteousness is credited to us. That is some Good News!


Let us pray.


By Dave Quinn
Founder of PASSION Australia



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